- CALEY, George (1770-1829)
- botanistthe son of a horse-dealer, was born in the north of England on 10 June 1770 (Jnl. and Proc. R.A.H.S., vol. XXV, p. 438). He was educated at the Free Grammar School at Manchester and was then taken into his father's stables. Coming across a volume on farriery he became interested in the herbs mentioned in prescriptions, and this led to his teaching himself botany. In March 1795 he wrote to Sir Joseph Banks (q.v.) who, after warning him about the small monetary rewards to be expected by a botanist for his labour, suggested that he might be able to obtain work for him as a gardener's labourer, which would give opportunities of increasing his knowledge. A position at Kew Gardens was obtained, and he afterwards was given a free passage to Sydney, where he arrived on 15 April 1800. Banks gave him a salary as a botanical collector and he was allowed rations by the government. He was also given a cottage at Parramatta, and Governor King (q.v.), writing to Banks in September 1800 mentioned that it was intended to establish a botanical garden near it. Caley sent many botanical and other specimens to Banks, and his letters also kept Banks informed of the general conditions of the colony apart from scientific matters. In 1801 he went with Lieutenant Grant (q.v.) to Western Port, and in 1804 he gave King a long report on "A journey to ascertain the Limits or Boundaries of Vaccary Forest" (the Cowpastures). He was able to report on the wild cattle which he found considerably increased in numbers. On a later journey Caley ascended Mount Banks but did not attempt to explore the Blue Mountains proper. In October 1805 he visited Norfolk Island and went to Hobart at the end of November of the same year. In August 1808 Banks wrote to Caley offering him an annuity of £50 a year, and to release him from all services beyond what he voluntarily wished to perform. Caley returned to England in 1810 and some six years later was appointed curator of the botanic gardens, St Vincent, West Indies. He resigned this position in December 1822 and was back in England in the following May. He died on 23 May 1829. He had married in 1816 but his wife predeceased him without issue.Both Banks and King found Caley difficult and at times tactless and unreasonable. He was, however, a good worker, a skilful and accurate botanist, and he was thoroughly honest and zealous. He published nothing, but his collections did much to spread a knowledge of Australian plants in the early years of the nineteenth century.The Magazine of Natural History, 1829 and 1830; J. H. Maiden, Sir Joseph Banks, The "Father of Australia"; Historical Records of Australia, ser. I, vols. II, III and V; Historical Records of New South Wales, vols. IV, V and VI; The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 July 1914; R. Else Mitchell, Journal and Proceedings Royal Australian Historical Society, vol. XXV, pp. 437-542; an admirable paper which also describes Caley's work as an ornithologist and as an explorer.
Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. Angus and Robertson. 1949.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Caley — For aviation pioneer see Sir George Cayley George Caley (10 June 1770 23 May 1829) was an English botanist and explorer in Australia.Early lifeCaley was born in Craven, Yorkshire, England, the son of a horse dealer. He was educated at the Free… … Wikipedia
Caley — /ˈkeɪli/ (say kaylee) noun George, 1770–1829, English born botanist and explorer in Australia. After working in Kew Gardens, London, George Caley was appointed by Sir Joseph Banks to go to NSW as a botanical collector. He arrived in Sydney in… … Australian English dictionary
George Caley — (Craven, Yorkshire, Inglaterra, 10 de junio de 1770 Bayswater, Inglaterra 23 de mayo de 1829) fue botánico y explorador inglés en Australia. Biografía George Caley de joven trabajó en los establos de su padre. Estudió Botánica y su nombre se… … Wikipedia Español
George Caley — George Caley, (10 juin 1770 à Craven Yorkshire 23 mai 1829) est un botaniste et un explorateur britannique. Caley a été employé par Joseph Banks pour collecter échantillons botanique dans la région autour de Sydney en Australie.… … Wikipédia en Français
George Caley — (Craven, Yorkshire,Inglaterra, 10 de junio, 1770 ; † Bayswater Inglaterra 23 de mayo, 1829) fue Botánico y explorador inglés en Australia … Enciclopedia Universal
1770 — Années : 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 Décennies : 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 Siècles : XVIIe siècle XVIIIe … Wikipédia en Français
1829 — Années : 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 Décennies : 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 Siècles : XVIIIe siècle XIXe … Wikipédia en Français
1770 — Años: 1767 1768 1769 – 1770 – 1771 1772 1773 Décadas: Años 1740 Años 1750 Años 1760 – Años 1770 – Años 1780 Años 1790 Años 1800 Siglos: Siglo XVII – … Wikipedia Español
1829 — Años: 1826 1827 1828 – 1829 – 1830 1831 1832 Décadas: Años 1790 Años 1800 Años 1810 – Años 1820 – Años 1830 Años 1840 Años 1850 Siglos: Siglo XVIII – … Wikipedia Español
Список ботаников по их сокращениям — Это сл … Википедия